By Mark A. Upaa
Felix Tshisekedi has been named the provisional winner. Early Thursday, the electoral commission announced that Tshisekedi had won. He received more than 7 million of the 18 million votes cast (38 percent), the commission said. Fayulu, who had led during early returns in the polling, received 6.3 million votes and Shadary received 4.4 million.
Tensions were high ahead of the delayed results from the long-anticipated vote to replace President Joseph Kabila. The election to replace the Democratic Republic of Congo’s long time President, Joseph Kabila was seen as a tense race between his chosen successor Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, a former interior minister, and main opposition candidates Martin Fayulu, a former Exxon Mobil manager, and Felix Tshisekedi, the son of late opposition figure Etienne Tshisekedi.
On Wednesday, people in the capital Kinshasa went home early and locked their doors, while police were deployed in strategic locations in anticipation of protests and clashes in reaction to the results of the December 30 poll. Opposition and activist groups had urged people to be ready to protest on the streets if the results didn’t match “the truth of the ballot boxes.”
Long-delayed and widely anticipated, the most recent elections in the DRC were believed by the international community to have the potential to be the mineral-rich central African country’s first peaceful democratic transfer of power since gaining independence from Belgium in 1960, or a trigger-point for renewed violence. Kabila had put off the vote for two years after the end of his final term in office, triggering violence and political instability, which led to dozens of deaths.
To add to an already tense situation the country’s influential Catholic Church had last week declared that it knew who had won, having gathered data and recorded infringements of election rules on polling day. If the Church were to contradict the official results, that would put pressure on already besieged athorities. The announcement of the results has been delayed several times over the last couple of weeks, delays that had given the opposition parties and the international community some cause for concern, fearing manipulation by the electoral commission.
The election day itself was hampered by delays and irregularities including an internet and blackout, polling booths opening late, and voting being postponed to March in three regions considered opposition strongholds. The electoral commission said this was due to an Ebola outbreak and violence there, but it means about a million people have been disenfranchised because the new president is due to be sworn in this month. Many in the country have feared a repeat of the bloodshed that marred the previous two elections in 2006 and 2011, both won by Kabila, should doubt arise surrounding the results.